Publié dans Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2019 Mar 5;73(8):906-914

Auteurs : Silvain J, Rakowski T, Lattuca B, Liu Z, Bolognese L, Goldstein P, Hamm C, Tanguay JF, Ten Berg J, Widimsky P, Miller D, Portal JJ, Collet JP, Vicaut E, Montalescot G, Dudek D; ACCOAST Investigators

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Abstract

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Background and aim :

In the ACCOAST (A Comparison of Prasugrel at PCI or Time of Diagnosis of Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial, the prasugrel pre-treatment strategy versus placebo was associated with excess bleeding complications and no improved ischemic outcome in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). Whether patients with the longest pre-treatment duration had an ischemic benefit is unknown.
This pre-specified analysis of the ACCOAST trial aimed to assess the effect of pre-treatment duration with prasugrel (time from randomization to angiography) on outcomes

Methods :

Within the 4,033 patients randomized in the ACCOAST trial, pre-treatment duration was available in 4,001 patients (99.2%). The population of the trial was divided into quartiles of pre-treatment duration (0.1 to 2.5 h, 2.5 to 3.9 h, 3.9 to 13.6 h, and >13.6 h) with an evaluation of the primary efficacy endpoint of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, urgent revascularization or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor bailout use. Secondary efficacy outcomes including cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke; all-cause death; stent thrombosis and safety outcomes (all coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] or non-CABG TIMI [Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction] major bleeding) were also evaluated at 7 days.

Results :

The primary efficacy outcome of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, urgent revascularization or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor bailout use did not differ between the quartiles of pre-treatment duration in the trial population (p = 0.17 for interaction). None of the secondary efficacy outcomes were found to be dependent on pre-treatment duration. The safety outcome of all CABG or non-CABG TIMI major bleeding did not differ between the quartiles of pre-treatment duration (p = 0.37 for interaction).

Conclusion :

In non-ST-segment elevation MI patients, the excess risk of bleeding and the absence of ischemic benefit were consistent across the quartiles of increasing duration of prasugrel pre-treatment. (A Comparison of Prasugrel at PCI or Time of Diagnosis of Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction [ACCOAST]; NCT01015287).